Full Contact & Low Kicks Fighting Rules
1. Weight Categories:
Adult Men over 17 years
Adult Female Over 17 years
2. Physical Examination and Doping
All competitors must submit to a physical examination by the designated attending physician.
The attendance of a doctor (physician) in Full-Contact & Low-Kick is obligatory, a first-aid team only is not enough!
The official physician, who mandatory attends every match, is the final authority in questions of the safety of the competitors, and he or she may at any time stop or terminate a match at his or her discretion.
Every match must be supervised by an approved doctor (physician). All directions and/or orders from the attending physician must be immediately complied with. The attending physician must be qualified as a general practitioner.
.No match may start or proceed before the attending physician is in place, and the physician may not leave his/her place prior to the decision in the last match.
The attending physician shall be ready to assist if a serious emergency arises, and to administer first aid in the event of less serious injuries.
The doctor has the right, to interrupt or stop a contest by ringing the bell or calling “stop“ to the referee, if he/she thinks a competitor is in danger and the referee has not stopped the fight. He/she is also responsible to decide when a referee calls him/her in case of an injured competitor.
Nobody may attempt to aid a competitor during a round before the attending physician has had the opportunity to see the injured competitor. If the doctor enters the ring or he/she must examine the presumed injury, the fight is over and the judges have to finish the point sheets (point cards). The result is “won by TKO” or “Disqualification” by unanimous or majority decision. Doctors’ decisions are in any case final decisions.
3. Age Limits and Rounds
The competitors must be in good physical shape and have a good sportsmanlike attitude.
The competitors must be well groomed and presentable. The nails of hands and feet must be cut short. The hair must be short or freshly washed. Male competitors with hair of a length that could pose a problem during the fight (i.e. shoulder length or more), must follow the rules concerning long hair those apply to female competitors.
Kids and juniors are only allowed to fight in Light-Contact and explicitly not in Full-Contact or Low Kicks.
In Full Contact & Low Kicks, all preliminary matches at any kind of championships (men and women) may be conducted over 3 rounds of 2 minutes. There is a break of 1 minute duration between rounds.
No match featuring male and female amateur competitors may go over more than 5 rounds of 2 minutes.
4. Rules of Conduct Inside and Outside Of the Ring
It is the duty of every competitor to show fair play in the ring. Should a competitor not be ready to continue the match, because his/her safety equipment is not working properly or for other reasons, he shall retreat one step and raise one arm.
Should a competitor be sent down for the count or in any other way be incapacitated, his/her opponent shall immediately retreat to the nearest neutral corner and wait for the referee to signal that the match can proceed again.
When a competitor receives a warning or a reprimand from the referee, he/she must bow in the direction of the referee to indicate that he/she has understood the reason why.
At the conclusion of the fight the competitors shall approach the referee, standing in the centre of the ring, and there, one on each side of the referee, await the speaker’s announcement of the verdict. The referee then raises the arm of the winner.
After the fight the competitors salute each other and the opponent’s seconds, after which both competitors bow to the referee in recognition of his/her efforts.
Violation of LFKS rules and regulations, or infringements of the unwritten laws of good sportsmanship and fair play may lead to a warning or disqualification for a shorter or longer duration of time, depending on the seriousness of the violation or infringement.
4.1 The Competitor
All competitors shall be clean and proper. It is the sole prerogative of the LFKS to decide whether facial hair (moustaches, sideburns, beards or a combination of these) or the length of the hair poses a safety hazard to the competitors or an obstacle to the unhindered observation of the match.
Excessive use of grease or similar substances is prohibited.
The referee can insist that such facial hair be removed, or in the case of long hair, be contained by a net, and that Vaseline, grease or any other similar substances be removed before the fight can start or proceed.
4.2 The Competitor’s Equipment
All competitors must be equipped in all divisions with approved safety equipment in the form of padded protectors:
1. Individually fitted breast-protector for women only
2. Individually fitted groin-protector for men and women
3. Foot protectors
4. Shin protectors in Full-Contact
5. Shin guards are voluntary in Low Kicks
6. Individually fitted head-protector (helmet); the top of the head must be protected too, open helmets are forbidden
7. Individually fitted tooth-protector (gum shield)
8. Hand-bandages max. 2.5 meters
9. Gloves 10 OZ in all weight categories for seniors
The competitors have the responsibility of bringing their own personal equipment.
Bandages of soft elasticised material no more than 2 inches (5.08 cm) wide must protect the hands of the competitors. Adhesive plaster may be applied directly to the skin in such a manner that it protects the part of the hand closest to the wrist. Its direct application may not exceed 1 (one) unbroken winding on the hand, although it is permitted that the plaster cross the back of the hand 2 (two) times, and it may not be placed higher on the hand than at a distance of 1 (one) inch (2.54 cm) from the knuckles when the hand is made into a fist.
Over this a layer of elasticised bandage is applied, held in place by self-adhesive plaster. The bandages must be approved by the referee or by the tournament director.
All competitors with long hair may wear approved hair bands or –holders without any metal and must do so if the hair is long enough to pose a safety hazard or could hinder the observation of the fight.
5. Competitor & Coaches
No competitor may participate in any match without an up-to-date Fight-Book with official LFKS license stamp. Officials shall verify that competitors compete in their proper weight classes.
After having signed a professional contract and having fought as a professional it is no longer possible to revert to amateur status.
The coach may give up on behalf of his/her competitor if he/she deems it irresponsible to let the fight continue. This is indicated by the second throwing a white towel into the ring.
Prior to every tournament the head referee shall call a meeting with all the judges, referees and coaches to clear up any questions about rules, regulations and the general proceedings of the tournament. No rules can be changed during this meeting.
Coaches shall support and advise their competitors during the intermission between rounds. Each competitor may have 2 seconds and only one of these may enter the ring at any time.
During the rounds, neither of the coaches may enter the ring, hinder nor disturb the proper proceeding of the fight. Coaches shall comply with all directions by the referee. Prior to each round the coaches must remove buckets, stools, towels and the like from the ring, and if necessary wipe the floor clean of spilt water. The seconds shall have at their disposal a towel, a sponge, water and grease for the competitor.
During the rounds the coaches may give advice (only in a proper manner) help or in any way encourage the competitor. Should a coach violate this rule, the referee can issue a warning, expel the second, or disqualify the competitor.
A coach who has been expelled may not function as coach in the remaining part of the tournament.
A match starts when the referee gives the command “fight” to begin the first round, and it finishes when the Referee stops the fight in the last round. Only the competitors and the referee may be present in the ring during the match. If any other person enters the ring, the fight is immediately over and cannot continue again.
6. Matches in Full-Contact & Low Kicks
6.1 Legal techniques are as follow:
1. All forms of boxing in combination with kicks above the waist to the body and the head.
2. Rear (reverse) kicks to the body or the head, spinning back kicks to the body and to the head with full contact to knock out the opponent, also foot sweeps, are permitted.
Additional in Low Kicks:
1. Low kicks to the thighs, inside and outside
Warnings and minus-points
In case of a serious violation of the following points the referee shall stop the fight with the command “Stop” and issue a warning. The warning shall be issued clearly and in such a manner that the competitor in question understands the reason for the warning. The referee shall clearly indicate which competitor has received the warning by pointing his hand. If a competitor has got a “warning” because of a foul no point is to be deducted but the judges shall immediately award the other competitor with one “click”, like for one successful punch. If a competitor has got a “second warning” because of a foul no point is to be deducted but the judges shall immediately award the other competitor with two “clicks”, like for a successful kick to the head. Following a warning the referee shall let the match proceed by commanding “Fight“. Should a competitor receive 3 warnings in one match, immediately he/she gets penalised simultaneously with the first minus point (penalty point) and one point must be deducted by the judges. After three minus points in a match, he/she shall immediately be disqualified simultaneously with the last minus point being issued.
The warnings and penalty (minus) points are given for using any illegal technique or doing prohibited actions, also for violations by coach.
6.2 Illegal techniques (fouls) in:
· All forms of biting are prohibited
· All strikes, blows and punches executed with the palm side of the gloves are prohibited
· All kicks to the back and the back of the neck are prohibited
· Any form of butting with the head is prohibited
· All attacks (strikes, punches, kicks) against the joints are prohibited
· Kicks to the groin are prohibited
· Attacking a downed opponent or an opponent who touches the floor with his /her gloves is prohibited
· Spitting out one’s tooth protector (gum-shield) is prohibited
· Any kind of throwing above the waistline
· Holding the opponent’s leg while executing striking or punching techniques
· Holding the ropes and attacking an opponent, also in clinching situations
· Any form of throwing (excluding foot sweeps) is prohibited
· Any form of clinching or holding the opponent is prohibited
· All types of strikes with the elbows are prohibited
· Any form of kicking with the knees is prohibited
Additional in Full-Contact
All kicks against the thighs or under the waistline are prohibited, excluding foot sweep.
7. Amateur Division Scoring Rules
The Amateur Division’s scoring rules in matches have 10 points as the maximum score and 6 points as a minimum score. The use of “clickers” - point adding machines - is recommended.
The points are awarded the competitors by the judges during each round. Points are given for clean hits according to the following directions:
The judges shall base their evaluation of the fight on the following guidelines:
1. Best technique
2. Effective parries and counterattacks
3. Best combinations
4. Effective parries
5. Fighting spirit and initiative
6. Good sportsmanship and fair play
7. Number of points scored
8. Number of minus points and knock downs
To score points all effective legal kicks or punches must hit directly without being blocked or parried on any legal area. For punches and blows the technique must be delivered with the striking zone of the closed glove.
8. Scoring and Points in Full-Contact & Low Kicks
Decisions shall be made after the following guidelines:
8.1 Victory on points (P)
When neither competitor dominates the other and a round is even: 10:10 points. Following this points are added to or subtracted from each competitor’s score according to the number of points they have been noted for by the referee.
The winning competitor of a round gets 10 Points, his/her opponent 9 points.
If an official warning was given because of a “foul”, the judges shall immediately award the other competitor with one “click”, just like for one successful punch. The judges shall always mark these warnings with the letter W (for warning) under “fouls” on the scorecard to indicate that the competitor has received a warning.
If an official minus point was given because of a “foul” and not just a warning, each judge must deduct 1 point from the scorecard of the involved competitor, immediately when the round is over. (i.e. 10:9) The judges shall always mark these points with the letter M (for minus point) under “fouls” on the scorecard to indicate that the competitor has received a minus point. If a second official minus point was given in the same round, each judge must deduct 2 points from the score of the involved competitor, immediately when the round is over.(i.e.10:8)
In case of a third official minus point in that match the competition is over immediately by disqualification.
If a competitor gets knocked down, each judge must deduct 1 point from the scorecard, immediately when the round is over (i.e. 10:9). The judges shall always mark this knockdown with the letter K (for knockdown) under “KD” in the scorecard to indicate that the competitor has received a knockdown.
A score with less than 8 points can only happen if the judge gives a 10:8 score for the round and points were deducted too.
At the conclusion of the match all rounds are added up to the final score (i.e. 30:27) and the competitor with more points on the scorecards shall be declared the winner.
Should a judge observe a violation that has apparently escaped the notice of the referee, and if he/she subsequently imposes a reasonable sanction upon the competitor committing the violation, he/she shall indicate that he/she has done just that by marking the points of the violating competitor with the letter J (for judge’s minus) and in writing state his/her reasons for the sanction.
8.2 Victory by attending physician stopping contest or injury
The attending physician is the supreme authority in questions relating to the safety of the competitors, and may demand that the match be stopped.
If one of the competitors is injured, it requires only the doctor’s decision to stop the fight. Also the competitor him/herself or his/her coach may retire from the fight.
The attending physician may stop any match regardless of it being a World or European Championship or any other important match. Should the attending physician wish to stop a match to examine a competitor, he/she must first inform the referee.
The referee then stops the match until the physician has examined the competitor but only to decide if the fight can continue or not. This examination must take place in the ring and have duration of not more than one minute and any kind of treatment of the competitor is explicitly forbidden. Should this time not be sufficient, the referee shall stop the match and declare the opponent the winner.
If one of the competitors is injured and the fight is over because of a foul the innocent competitor is declared the winner. In case of an accident the judges have to finish their scorecards and the competitor with the highest number of points is declared the winner. If both competitors are injured or knocked-out simultaneously, and neither is able to continue the match, the judges shall add up each competitor’s points up to the time the fight was stopped, and the competitor leading on points shall be declared the winner.
Should this situation occur in the first round the match shall be declared “no contest” and no winner is declared.
8.3 Giving up (AB)
In cases where a competitor voluntarily gives up because of injuries or for any other reason, or if he or she does not resume fighting immediately after the intermission between rounds, the opponent shall be declared the winner. In these cases the second shall throw a white towel into the ring to signal that his/her competitor gives up.
8.4 Victory by referee stopping contest (RSC)
The referee may stop a match if a competitor is clearly outmatched or if he/she is a hazard to his/her own safety after the following guidelines:
If a competitor in the judgement of the referee is clearly overmatched and will face unnecessary punishment in the ring should the match be allowed to go on.
If a competitor in the judgement of the referee is unable to continue the match due to injuries or for any other physical reasons, the referee must stop the match and call the official match doctor to the ring.
No referee can decide how seriously a competitor is injured; He/She must call the doctor!
8.5 No contest (NC)
The referee before the prescribed time due to circumstances beyond the control of the competitors or the referee may stop a match:
1. The referee has to stop the match before the first round has finished.
2. The safety equipment of the ring has been damaged.
3. The ring is unsafe for use.
4. The lighting over the ring is failing
5. Weather conditions force the referee to stop the match.
Under such circumstances the match shall be stopped and a “no contest” no winner is declared.
8.6 Victory by walk-over (WO)
If one competitor is present in the ring and ready to fight and his/her opponent fails to show after his/her name has been called over the loudspeaker, the referee shall signal the referee’s table to start with the running of 2 minutes. If the opponent has not entered the ring within a time limit of 2 minute, the timekeeper shall strike the gong to signal that the match has been stopped. The referee shall then announce the competitor who was first in the ring and declare him/her the winner by “walk-over“.
The judges shall note this on their scorecards, which are then collected. The judges shall then summon the competitor who has won on walk-over to the centre of the ring, and thereafter the announcement of the decision, raise his/her hand and declare him/her the winner.
9. Protests and Alteration of Decisions
The scoring of the referee and judges is final.
Protests against the decisions of a referee or judge can only be accepted in the event that the competition rules have not been correctly applied.
A judge’s verdict, given at the conclusion of any match shall be binding and may be altered only in the event that the Head Referee deems that one of the following circumstances has occurred:
A conspiracy has taken place or an illegal agreement has been entered into to affect the result of the match.
The addition of the scorecards is faulty; one judge has mixed up the corners, resulting in the victory being given to the wrong competitor.
A clear violation of the rules and regulations of the LFKS, directly affecting the outcome of the match, has been perpetrated.
Protests shall be directed to the Head Referee and shall state the reason in a proper manner for the complaint along with any supporting evidence that a wrong decision has been made. The protest must be accompanied by a processing fee of 50,000 LBP which will be returned if the protest is found to be valid.
The Head Referee will decide on the protest after hearing evidence from the protesting side and the referees concerned. (Video will not be accepted). His/her decision is final.
A protest against a doctor’s decision is impossible.